The Rosettes of Blenheim Palace

The Rosettes of Blenheim Palace

Having just returned from 10 days of vacation in the UK I am so inspired to share some of the wonderful onlays and plaster carvings we saw on our trip.

The goal of this vacation was to wander the English countryside looking at mansions that not only had great plaster and art, but a connection to history. Designed as a his and her’s trip it ticked off every box.

One of the grandest places we visited was Blenheim Palace, Among other notable tid bits for Blenheim Palace is the birthplace fo Winston Churchill. Built by the 1st Duke of Marlborough John Churchill, it is still in the Marlborough family today. Abet as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Notable st the end of the 19th century, the palace was saved from ruin by funds gained  when the 9th Duke, (by all accounts a rake) Married American railroad heiress Consuelo Vanderbilt. The marriage was later annulled because her mother had forced her into it… but the funds remained and saved the day for the palace.

Blenheim Palace

One of the best rooms is the library. ( the entire north wing)  contains a floor to ceiling bookcase and hand-made plaster reliefs… Ah…. the rosettes of Blenheim.

 

Caio for now

xoxo Lydia

 

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5 Great Movies….

5 Great Movies….

                         ……..Where the house stole the show!

Chatsworth House - The Duchess

The actual home of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire Chatsworth almost needs no introduction. Chatsworth House is renowned for the quality of its art, landscape and hospitality, and it has evolved through the centuries to reflect the tastes, passions and interests of succeeding generations.

Fun Fact: The duchess from the move helped shape politics in the 18th century and the most recent Duchess of Devonshire was one of the fabulous Mitford Sisters who helped shaped politics in the 20th century.

Highclere Castle

Since 1679 Highclere has been home to the Earls of Carnarvon.  While we loved the house in Downton Abby.

Fun Facts: The 5th Earl of Carnarvon was the money and the driving force behind  the archeological discovery of the tour of Tutankhamen in 1922.

Rosecliff - The Great Gatsby

The only non-english entry Rosecliff was commissioned by Nevada silver heiress Theresa Fair Oelrichs in 1899 to showcase her families wealth to other wealthy New York society matrons.

Fun Fact: architect Stanford White modeled Rosecliff after the Grand Trianon, the garden retreat of French kings at Versailles.

Hatfield House - The Kings Speech

Dating from King James 1 times, Hatfield House is the home of the 7th Marquess and Marchioness of Salisbury.

Fun Fact: Robert Cecil demolished three-quarters of the original building. The remaining wing survived as the stables for Hatfield House for the next three centuries, until it was restored by the 4th Marquess in 1915.

Ploskovice Chateau, - The Royal Affair

This classic film about the English Queen of Denmark is one you must see. For big house love!  The chateau was  was finished in 1725.  In 1764 it was altered to the Rococo Style. Apart from the main hall, the most significant room is the sala terrena underneath. The grottoes connecting to the garden on the ground floor have fountains with sculptural decoration in the shape of Hercules, water deities, sea monsters and angels.

Fun Fact: The Duchess, after the death of her first husband married the Tuscan Grand Duke, Gian Gastone III, the last male descendent of the Medici family.

Knebwoth House - The Shooting Party

Knebwoth House is owned by the Lytton family. Every generation of the Lytton family has left something of its style and taste, making Knebworth an extraordinary walk through 500 years of British history. Stories and heirlooms reflect the family’s contribution to literature, politics and foreign service and visits by characters as diverse as Charles Dickens, Winston Churchill and Noel Gallagher.

Fun Fact: because of the turrets, domes and gargoyles silhouetted against the sky the house is often used as a stand in for Balmoral in The Kings Speech and The Crown

Kedellston House

My favorite house of the bunch because it was designed  by the famous architect Robert Adam, Kedleston was built for Sir Nathaniel Curzon in 1765 as a house to rival Chatsworth. Intended as ‘a temple of the arts’ and as the location for grand entertainments.

Fun Fact: The main house was never meant to be a family home, but a canvas on which to showcase the finest paintings, sculpture and furniture.

A Coup d’état in Sweden… lead to a remarkable style

A Coup d’état in Sweden… lead to a remarkable style

Gustavian Style

Gustavian Style began with King Gustave III. He only reigned for 20 years (1772 – 1792) yet his patronage of the arts started a major design style.
After visiting the French courts of Versailles in 1771 he returned home as King, staged a quick coup d’état and quickly developed a style that was heavily influenced by the French. Instead of focusing on Rococo Sweden developed a style concentrating on symmetry, straight lines, columns and Greco-Roman motifs which sets it apart from the French.
While early Gustavian is a restrained interpretation of the French Louis XV and Louis XVI style, the Late Gustavian style is closely identified with Italy after engravings inspired by the excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum began to circulate in Sweden.
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The more ornate furnishings were reserved for royal palaces and the upper class. Downstairs the receiving rooms were filled with rosewood and gilding while upstairs even the kings bedroom was painted. The style is distinctive in its clean, hand-carved lines and cool color palette of blues, grays, and weathered whites.
Pair-of-Late-Gustavian-Neoclassical-Chairs-620x620
The style quickly gained popularity with the average citizen. The average manor house in Sweden could not afford the gilded estate furniture found at the royal houses. Therefore, local craftsman recreated these designs from materials and methods more readily available to them. Techniques such as faux marbled surfaces, using Swedish “massive pine” instead of mahogany, and painted murals on the walls in place of wallpaper, were used to achieve the same stylistic effects. The light painted finishes provided a reflective quality that was desired during the long dark winters.
A-Swedish-Early-Gustavian-Period-Console-Table-circa-1770-1st-dibs
Gustave was an enlightened leader and in fact was the first neutral head of state in the world to recognize the United States. He was a strong patron of the arts and took Sweden to a level of architectural and cultural sophistication never known before. He transformed this once remote European country into the “Paris of the North,” setting a standard of style for Swedish society that continued well into the 19th century.
His most notable building projects include the Royal Opera in Stockholm and the Haga Echo Temple.
Haga Echo Temple Sweden
In 1792 Gustave III attended a masquerade ball at the Royal Opera house. He was shot in the back by a malcontented nobleman, at his Opera house. The assassination inspired Verdi’s 1859 opera The Masked Ball.
Stockholm_Royal_Opera_House
The popularity of Gustavian style has continued to grow over the years inspiring designers to this day. The style we are familiar with tends towards the distressed grey, soft blues and off-white. It still maintains a distinct look that is less ornate than other parts of the world.
5 Shades of Grey

5 Shades of Grey

Classic Architectural Embellishments

….always in fashion

Classic Architectural Embellishments are always in fashion. So is the color grey. With a large fog bank covering the coast of Maine this morning I thought it would be fun to share some classic embellishments and architecture with a grey colour palette. From ceilings to sofas, there is always a sophisticated way to use the color grey. Some are highly embellished others are decorated with simple moldings and rosettes. All are true symbols of style.

Enjoy a little Sunday eye candy.

Classic Architectural Embellishments From Harewood

Robert Adams from Harewood House in England.

Scandianvain-Grey

Simple Gustavian Grey Sofa Bed

Classic Architectural Embellishments from Paris

Sophisticated entrance hall in Paris

Classic Architectural Embellishments Harewood Entrance

The entrance at Harewood

State-Bed-Harewood-2

Grey green ceiling in the bedroom at Harewood.

xoxox Lydia

4 Kings 1 Palace – Versailles

4 Kings 1 Palace – Versailles

The Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles started as a small hunting lodge in 1624. The Hamlet of Versailles was known as a fertile hunting grounds when King Louis XIII went there as a boy.  By the time his great grandson was guillotined in 1793 it had a population of 60,000 and was the home to the government of France.

 

 

From a small slightly gothic hunting lodge grew a micro study of the history of architecture. Versailles has the best examples of Baroque and Rococo interiors still in existence. This one palace started building and decorating trends that would appear from Sweden to London, to St. Petersburg and finally America. It started interior styles still popular today.

Imagine all because The Sun King repurposed his father hunting lodge! Above is a slideshow showing a brief chronology of the building of Versailles.

Louis XII

1- The small hunting lodge of Louis XIII morphed into a small chateau.

Louis XIV – The Sun King

2- The Sun King Louis XIV started a three-part building spree which lasted his lifetime, It included two major architects, interior designers and the most impressive garden and garden innovations the fountains, ever built.

Phase 1 – Envelope the original hunting lodge into a massive winged structure.

Phase 2 – Add two more massive wings, make the outdoor patio into the Hall of Mirrors, add staff quarters and stables.

Phase 3 – Add a small palace for yourself (The Sun King needed his privacy) The Grand Trianon and the Royal Chapel.

The population of Versailles had grown to 10,000 and included all the members of government and places to house them

Louis XV

3 – No slowing down on the building spree fro 15. Louis XV built the Opera house (for the marriage of Louis the XVI and Marie Antoinette, the Petite Trianon and the Orangerie, to house the botanical gardens. He also added a few hamlets because after all they needed somewhere to house the staff.

Louis XVI

4 – Finally, Marie Antoinette completely refurbished the Petite Trillion – a gift to her from King Louis XVI – with new gardens and a small theater. All because she wanted some privacy. After all, Versailles had grown to 60,000 residence.

Today, thanks to the French government, Versailles is preserved as a monument to French history. It is also a monument to 175 years of architectural and interior design.

Architectural History Part 2.

Architectural History Part 2.

Architectural History

The Renaissance and The Baroque

Architectural History is always fun. I love imagining the people who lived in these buildings and their lives. When we started this series last week we suffered a small but irritating technology issue when we changed formats on our blog.  Our geeks are working on it but for today, we are back to our standard format. We left off at the Gothic period full and scary forms and towering cathedrals.

The Renaissance: 1400 – 1600

The word Renaissance comes from the term re-birth and truly signifies an emphasis on the orders of ancient Greece. After the overly elaborate almost scary forms from the Gothic period, it really was a rebirth. Spanning two centuries this period reflects the substantial changes in the world that were occurring with a growing importance on mathematics and art.

The Renaissance began in Italy and was the growth of arts of all kinds, paintings, sculptures, and tapestries. The early part of the period brought us probably the most important architect Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) whose influence is still felt worldwide today.

Villa Rotonda, Andrea Palladio

Palladio’s Villa Rotonda

Building exteriors were full of pediments, columns, and arcades. All building had symmetry, proportion, and geometry.

It was a time of great learning. Artists like Da Vinci were more than painters they were architects, artists, inventors, and mathematicians.

Leonardo_da_Vinci_-_Last_Supper_(copy)_-_WGA12732

De Vinci’s Vitruvian man is an example of his use of the golden rule in studies of proportion and has set the use of ratios in art and architecture forever.

440px-Da_Vinci_Vitruve_Luc_Viatour

It is in the renaissance that decorative motifs come into their own. Urns, grotesque figures, foliage shells, vases, and cartouches were carved and eventually molded out of plaster on many buildings.

In England, the great Inigo Jones who studied Palladio’s work placed a great deal of focus on symmetry. Covent Garden, and developed the muse in the back of the apartments in London. (a feature still found only in London)  and Queens house in Greenwich

400px-Queens_House_2006

and Banqueting House in Westminster built for James 1 in 1619-1625 are all great examples of his work.

Banqueting_House_London

Baroque 1590 – 1760 The Origins of French Style

Following the Renaissance The Baroque coincided with additional developments in science and mathematics. In Italy, the Baroque style is reflected in more opulent and dramatic churches with irregular shapes and extravagant ornamentation.

While in France, the highly ornamented Baroque style combines classical restraint with opulence drawn from the reign of Louis XIV who built Versaille (1682-1789). Note this whole building could be a period unto itself.

600px-Versailles_chateau

Russian aristocrats were so impressed by Versailles that they  incorporated Baroque ideas in the building of St. Petersburg.

All of the Baroque architects took classical motifs and then created a stronger  sense of drama.

In England substantial building occurred after the fire of London especially the Greenwich Hospital.  Pictured below this building was  designed for King Charles and then expanded by Christopher Wren for Queen Mary II as a seaman hospital and home.

Greenwich Hospital England

Part of the design of the building came from Mary herself when it emerged that the original plans for the hospital would have blocked the riverside view from the Queen’s House designed by Ingio Jones. She ordered that the buildings be split, providing an avenue leading from the river through the hospital grounds up to the Queen’s House and Greenwich Hill beyond

Next week we will cover the Rococo and Neoclassical Period and hopefully, technology will be on my side by then. Caio, Lydia